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Trekking in Nepal: All You Need To Know

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Trekking Nepal Information

Trekking in Nepal: All You Need To Know is a blog post that aims to provide brief details to trek in Nepal. High Altitude trekking through the Himalayas is the preliminary attraction of Nepal. While trekking in Nepal, you require to have some of the essential information to ease your travel. Experience of mountain cultures, scenic beauties, and touching the skies from some apex points is life-changing. Either one is a frequent traveler, novices, or new hikers, loves trekking in Nepal. This blog intends to provide with some Nepal trekking information for your knowledge.

Trekking in Nepal - a scenic view from the Hotel Everest View

Do you know, what is Trekking?

A multiday hiking in a typical trail of Nepal is often understood as trekking. Either it can be a at lower elevations or higher altitude up to 5000 meters above the sea level. However, the trekking trails of Nepal include crossing the high mountain passes up to 5500 meters or more. The trekking trails of Nepal are characterized by combined attractions of nature and culture. Scenic mountain vista, crossing several rivers, forests, and hiking the narrow adventurous trails are the common features of Nepal’s trekking trails.

The trails at lower elevations are often stone stairs winding through green scenery. However, the trails at the higher altitude are natural and rugged.

Trekking is generally a multi-day hiking activity in the high elevation that ultimately leads to the foothills and base camps of the high mountains. Some of the major trekking trails of Nepal follow the trans-Himalayan trade routes of Nepal connecting the northern mountain region to the southern plains of the country. Travelers will have a rich travel experience after trekking the mountain routes of Nepal.

Popularly there are three major trekking regions in Nepal; the Annapurna region, the Everest region, and the Langtang region. Besides, there are several other trails in the eastern and western regions of Nepal. Mainly, the trekking trails fall under the conserved areas of the northern border. The trails of  Manaslu, Manang, Mustang, and Dolpa are much-loved trekking destinations. Similarly, hikers can choose short and easy trails around the Kathmandu and Pokhara valley.

What are the accommodation options During Your Trek?

In the beginning, almost all the trekking trails of Nepal have less developed infrastructures with a negligible number of hotels and lodges. But nowadays we have more teahouses with basic facilities in all parts of the trails. So, travelers can trek most of the trials as Lodge to Lodge trek. The lodge to lodge trek is called teahouse trekking trails. The classical destinations of the Everest Region, the Annapurna and Langtang regions have teahouses on the trail. In between the major campsites, a small teahouse serves as a lunch point with a minimum number of lodging facilities.

Teahouse lodges are hostels with basic facilities that cater to trekkers. The major hubs of trekking trails like Lukla, Namchebazar, Syabrubensi, Muktinath, Jomsom are some of the places that have more standard lodges. The lodges of this area have more rooms with attached bathrooms. Whereas the lodges in other parts of the trails might lave limited rooms with private bathrooms.

The rooms are clean, and available with twin sharing beds. In the higher altitude, rooms have insulated walls with wooden planks. The beds have a comfortable mattress, a pillow, and a blanket. The rooms do not have a heating system. Instead, dining halls are larger with a central heating system to keep it warm. The trekking lodges are often referred to as teahouse lodges as they are developed from the concept of teashops and resting shelters.

The off the beaten path trails of remote destinations might not have lodges. Travelers have to set up their camps for the overnight stay. These sorts of trekking are called camping treks. Camping trekkings involves carrying of logistics and relatively more costly as you need to carry food, cooking fuel, tents have with the help of porters.

Things to expect during the trek

Trekking is a combined experience of culture, nature, and adventure. Trekking will pass along the ethnic settlement where they have the opportunity to witness the local lifestyle and culture. Nepalese societies are rich in cultural diversities. The unity in diversity is the unique feature of Nepalese societies.

The trekkers can enjoy the taste of local foods, special cuisine prepared during their special occasion.  It is worthwhile to taste the local dishes to enrich your travel experience. Special celebrations that undertake only during the festival time are the unique attraction of the local communities. You can plan your trip as per the festival calendar to meet the particular festival dates of your destination. Generally, the major festival is celebrated during the Autumn and Spring seasons in Nepal.

Besides, natural beauties, greenery, and scenic mountain view are the major attractions to expect during your trek in Nepal. Autumn is paddy harvesting time in the lower altitude. The season is more colorful with a golden paddy field. Whereas the Spring season is colorful due to blooming rhododendron forests. Expect to hike the rugged trail, steep stairs, and long multiday hike in high altitude.

You may mentally prepare hard physical exercise, and prepare yourself to cope with Altitude Sickness symptoms. Follow proper acclimatization itinerary programs to adapt your body at high altitude.

Trekking Regions

The high Himalayan section running along the entire northern border of Nepal, has several trekking routes. The region of Annapurna, Langtang, and Everest are more popular among others. Besides that, Nepal’s trekking trails are world-famous for the unique attractions. The trails are a part of all the mountain climbing routes leading to the Himalaya. The other trekking regions include the mountain conservation area and the National parks of the country. Kanchenjungha, Makalu Barun, Sagarmatha, Gaurishankar, Langtang, Manaslu, Annapurna, Rara, and Khaptad are the main trekking regions of Nepal.

Each trekking regions have developed several trekking routes depending upon the length of trek days and difficulty level. These trekking regions are rich in cultural aspects, and natural attractions. Local temples of each region are also the major pilgrimage site that attracts devotee from around the country.

Trekkers can hike for a single day for 3-6 hours in short. Whereas trekkers can explore the region with a longer trekking itineraries for more than 20 days in the same region.

Meals during Nepal Trekking

Available food is a major concern whenever we go for a longer travel. All of us may love to taste the local food to enrich our travel experience. And also miss their own’s food items while staying out of the home for a longer time. The trail heads relatively have more options in the food menu than in the trail. However, the general trekking menu includes the food including other western meals. You can either choose your food from the available menu or enjoy the easily available DAL BHAT. Dal Bhat is a local Nepali dish that comes in a set of rice, lentil soup, seasonal vegetable curry, and pickle. It is a balanced and heavy meal that is suitable whenever doing a heavy physical activity. Besides that, the trekking meals include different dishes of noodles, pasta, locally prepared breads, fried rice, potato items, vegetable curry. Although we encourage to support the local economy and to reduce the use of can and plastics in the trekking route. Packaged foods are also available in trekking routes as an option.

Similarly, Dumplings, noodles soups, and fried instant noodles are very common in all the trekking routes. They have a different menu set for Breakfast, Lunch, and Dinner but use to serve as per the guests’ choice.

Best Trekking Season

Being a mountainous country, the terrain of Nepal varies with altitude. There are direct effects of the season in the weather pattern of Nepal and that also affects the movement of people. Spring (March-May) and Autumn (Sept – Nov) are the two best travel seasons in Nepal.

When the monsoon hits the country in summer it is challenging to travel due to rain. The monsoon rain results landslides and flooding in the hilly reasons cause difficulty in peoples’ movement. Also, the cloudy and uncertain rainfall disturbs the human activity during the season. However, the regions beyond the high Himalaya are best to visit during the monsoon season. As the regions fall under the rainshadow due to the high Himalaya, the regions get less rainfall during the time. They are colorful, greener, and attractive during monsoon. The area like upper Mustang, Manang, Dolpo etc are worthwhile to visit during summer.

The trekkers willing to hike in offseason can come for Nepal trekking. The skies are clearer but might have to expect colder weather and frequent snowfall. Sometimes the heavy snowfall interrupts the trail making it an inaccessible. The high passes are blocked by the piling up of snow. But the trails have very little traffic during the winter season.

Related article: Best time to go for Everest Trekking

Weather conditions and temperatures while trekking

The weather conditions and temperatures while trekking depends on the travel season and elevation of any place. It is naturally warmer in the lower elevation than in the higher altitude. Winter is relatively colder than another season. The mountain basecamp falls below the freezing temperature in days and nights through the afternoon is a bit warmer. The temperature in the high altitude dramatically falls with the rainfall.

Hiring a trekking guide

It is highly recommended to hire a professional trekking while trekking in Nepal. The safety is a must thing to consider while hiking the remote lands. You can visit a registered trekking/tour company to hire such guides and assistant porters. A local guide is familiar with local trails, and immediate situation. They know the local culture better than other people know. It is also a good way to support the local human resources and local economy.

Permits and Entry Fees

The checkpoint located in the entry points of each trekking destination demand to present the entry permit to trek the region. The permits include National Park and Conservation entry permits.  In addition, special trekking permits are required to enter the controlled and restricted areas. Besides that Trekkers’ Information Management System Card is also a necessary document to present in the checkpoints. You Operator arrange all your necessary trekking documents before the commencement of the trekking program.

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