Trekking safety in Nepal
This article intends to aware travelers about trekking Safety in Nepal which is the traveler’s top priority all the time. During the corona pandemic, it has become another important aspect. When you are thinking about the mighty Himalayas the safety comes in twofold relations. The first is the safety within the Himalayas during the trekking and the second safety is related to the hygiene, sanitation, and social distancing in the situation of a covid-19 pandemic.
The world has been in the state of lockdown almost for a year due to the coronavirus pandemic. Still, the world has been struggling with coronavirus. This has restricted the travel plan worldwide. Many countries have restricted travel during the time. The lockdown and border restrictions have created a big loss in the world’s economy.
Now, the availability of the Corona Virus vaccine has brought new hopes to the world. Slowly, domestic tourism has been starting and people choose to travel by following the safety measures. Eventually, it’s time for planning international tours and travels. It’s the time to explore your dream and further plan for the memorable trip after a year of the lockdown. It’s time to rehearsal your travel plan in the new destination. The moment comes to enjoy with your loved ones as well as family members together in the new land. SO, don’t do late to choose your new destination by following all the safety measures.
If you are planning for the trek, Nepal would be your ideal choice. Nepal is the right place to quench your thrust of the trekking with all kinds of the Himalayas available as per your interest and skills.
Preparation for the trekking in Nepal
Nepal offers all kinds of Himalayas for the trekkers and you have a choice for the basic to challenging trekking in Nepal. The first thing you have to prepare for a trek is to identify the challenges you are up for the trek before you leave. In order to avoid trekking accidents in Nepal, you must have to be aware of the good weather and the safety of altitude sickness.
Weather-related trekking safety in Nepal
Nepal has predictable weather if you choose the right time of the year for the trekking. However, sometimes sudden snowfall can occur in some areas throughout the year. This demands you to make sure you check the right weather and weather conditions before trekking. There are some tips for you to follow so that you will not be trapped in the bad weather situation during the trekking.
- Escape with the off-season for trekking especially during the monsoon months of May, June, July, and August
- Check the weather forecasts frequently which save you from the bad weather condition
- Always look and observe the heavy clouds and fog
Avalanches can occur at any time in the higher altitudes throughout the year. You must be careful and informed that there is a high risk of an avalanche after heavy snowfall. Therefore, in order to avoid the risk of avalanches, you must stay in a safe place when the weather forecast predicts the heavy snowfall of the earthquake. Also, you must be extra careful with the uneven ground and watch for the falling rocks.
Altitude Sickness related trekking safety in Nepal
Another thing the trekkers must be informed about is Altitude sickness. Altitude sickness is a real danger if you are trekking in the high altitude mountains of Nepal. Altitude sickness occurs when your body could not adjust to the environment without getting a sufficient amount of oxygen from the air. When you are trekking in the high altitude, please do not rush but walk very slowly. Stay hydrated and cut back on sugar. When you are walking towards the uphill, you should consult with the guide and also find out how high is the trekking point. Furthermore, you should acclimatize with the travel safety expert team.
Types of Trekking in Nepal
The popular trekking routes of Nepal have all the amenities and facilities and it is relatively safer than the off-the-beaten path trek. However, we recommend doing the trek with a guide even on the popular routes. If you are trekking for the first time, we recommend you to be sticking to the given routes and always go for the trekking with a guide. But if you are planning to take different experiences in the off-the-beaten trail, we recommend you to have an experienced guide and also research densely about the trek you are planning to do.
The trail route mostly consists of rocks and flags. However, there might have snowfall sometimes. If snowfall erases the route, you can follow the rocks.
Trekker’s group size
An accompanying guide and a partner would help you to explore the trek easily. Having a guide within the trek helps you during the hard situations. The guide is aware of all the possible safety during the hard times since the guide is experienced in tackling the situations in the Himalayas. The single traveler mostly chooses the trekking routes like Ghandruk, Ghorepani, Poon Hill, ABC, and Annapurna Circuit trek. As per the guide’s experience, the ideal group size is 4 to 10 people.
What should be on the Packing list?
When you are planning to do trekking in Nepal, you must pack some of the items necessary. The items are as follows:
- Trekking Poles
- Good quality trekking shoes
- Good quality trekking bag
- Good quality sunglasses with UV protection and above 40 SPF sunscreen
- Water purification tablets
- Ear Muffs or ear-covering caps
- Oral rehydration solution
- Pain Balm
- Insect repellent
- Instant heating pad (If you are trekking in very cold and snow-covered areas)
Interaction with the Locals
Guest are valued as God in the Nepalese culture. Most Nepali people in the local village are very friendly and hospitable. Some people are very frank and want to talk with the guest as they are very happy and anxious to please you as their guest. Since the hotels are run by the local people in the trekking destinations, you can trust the hotel owners, shopkeepers as well as travel agents. However, we suggest you not disclose the valuable goods you are carrying with anyone in the hotel, lodge, and guest house.
Trekking and Associated Risks
1. Altitude Sickness (Acute mountain sickness)
Trekking in the high altitude is always adventurous and it always has a risk of altitude sickness. However, mild cases of headache, breathing difficulty, and nausea are the normal symptoms of altitude sickness. But neglecting minor symptoms may cause serious problems. Therefore, you must share everything you feel with the guide and take a precaution as soon as possible. You must be careful with your health and the differences you feel about yourself while trekking and take a further step. That saves you from the possible physical harm and seriousness.
2. Injuries due to Animal
Yak is common to see in the Himalayan region during trekking. It is mostly used for transporting goods in the Himalayas. Also, you may have encountered dogs and sheep on the way and sometimes the lack of proper dealing ideas with this animal might cause harm and put you into risky situations. Therefore, you need to consult with a guide if you have encountered animals on the way during trekking.
Also, the trek also has the risk of mosquito bites and leeches. Leeches normally attached to the human body and it sucks the blood until it is full. The leaches are not dangerous but they may give tension and panic.
Trekking gives you a wide variety of experiences to explore floras and faunas in the lap of the Himalayas. However, you need to walk continuously for several days and it is not an easy task for all. Trekking might be difficult when the days are too hot or too cold and even the trekking trails are steep. You have lost lots of energy during the trekking. Therefore, you must refill yourself with proper nutrient foods and rest. But please do not force your body to do something if it is not comfortable with you and unwilling force to keep your body at the risk of overexertion.
4. Injuries due to slippery trail
Some trails are steep in nature but we can walk them easily if there is no rain and snow-covered. But during the rainfall and the trail is covered by the snow, there might have chances of falling and slipping, and injuring yourself. Therefore, you must be careful of the slippery road.
5. GLOF (Glacial Lake Outburst Flood)
There might have chances of an outburst of the glacial lake however the chances of it is very low and rare. GLOF happens when the water from glaciers is suddenly released due to high water pressure. This is a catastrophic disaster and the most dangerous one if it happens. But the chance is very very rare.
6. Food Poisoning and Dehydration
Another thing we have to take care of a lot is the food during the trekking. While trekking you have to be careful about the food, otherwise it creates food poisoning. Food poisoning happens when you eat something unhygienic or food that you have not used normally. Sometimes contaminants in water also equally cause food poisoning. Besides this, dehydration is another major problem during the trek therefore, you must hydrate your body frequently by using water products. The weather is always cold in the Himalayan area and also when you are trekking at a high altitude, you must hydrate your body frequently. People usually forget to drink water in the cold weather and that causes dehydration in your body. Therefore, you must drink water frequently in the most you are ascending on the high altitude area.
7. Other Risks
Besides this, there are other risks associated with trekking. They are frostbiting, snow blindness, emotional exhaustion. Therefore, you must be physically and mentally fit for the trekking.
Risk minimizing Asset
- You should be accompanied by experienced guides and porters who are experts in dealing with altitude sickness. Therefore, having guides and porters help in minimizing risk.
- While trekking, there might have a risk of a Yak attack. But following the guides would help you to save from this risk too. Sometimes, the guide and porter also have a risk of this attack. But this is not a serious and dangerous one.
- Another risk is a slippery trail of the trekking routes and the trekkers are vulnerable to this problem as they are not familiar with this route and the trail. Therefore, they have to walk cautiously in this route.
- Sometimes, there might have chances of GLOF but the chance is very low. However, when this happens, it causes serious traumas and damages to everyone.
- Also, there is a chance of having food poisoning for the trekkers since they are not used to the local food items and also not being able to maintain hygiene during the trek. That may cause food poison to them. Therefore, trekkers must be clear about what food suits them and what not and also avoid those foods which are not appropriate for them.
Trekking Safety in Nepal: Safety Measures
- You have to make your own standards for the vehicle and also talk with the operator for a comfortable and safe vehicle that makes your trekking pleasant and relaxed. Do not compromise on the price for your safety.
- We provide you the proper information regarding the packing before the departure. So that you can prepare your own packing list based on the suggestion of the operator and guide. There might have some things which are vital to you and packing those things make your trip easier and funny and also saves you from the potential risk and harm.
- We furthermore provide you the information regarding what to do and what not to do prior to the trek. That helps you to enhance your experience while trekking in the mountain area. Also, the guides will help you to save yourself from animal attacks and their behavior and it decreases the potential risk associated with trekking.
- We are highly attentive regarding trekker’s safety, therefore, we are always careful with the weather conditions and their potential risk. If there is any case of danger, we will alert you and avert our plan. After the improvement of the weather condition, we will change the plan and proceed further.
- If you get stuck with emergency situations, our experienced guide and porter will help you in minimizing the risk and handle the situations. they will deal with the situation cleverly before causing any harm.
- Our guides will remind you frequently for drinking water which helps you to avoid dehydration. They are aware of the culture, traditions, and lifestyles of local people. There will have less risk and problems if you follow the guide’s instructions.